Aims of the project:

The Paris Circular Economy Plan (2017-2020) Plan set out a roadmap with 15 actions to be implemented by 2020. The Actions fall under five key areas:

  • Construction Industry
  • Recycling, reuse and repair
  • Support for local items ‘Made in Paris’
  • Circular Economy e-platform and House
  • Public Contracts

The most pressing circular economy challenges for Paris are:

  • Control of the food chain ;
  • Recovery of sources of organic matter (amendment and energy) ;
  • The fight against food wastage ;
  • Visibility of the goods supply chain (origin and logistical organisation) ;
  • Impacts of the construction industry ;
  • Support for innovation and new economies ;
  • Solutions facilitating access to and sharing of premises and property;
  • Priority to short production and distribution chains.

The Circular Economy is part of a “territorial innovation” approach, defined as “a new solution (or a solution transferred to a new environment) for a problem and/or need that has been collectively identified in a territory, in order to improve well-being and promote sustainable local development”.

Among the key innovations that need to be developed to strengthen the circular economy in the territory of Paris are:

  • Development of new technologies (energy recovery and storage, green chemistry, bio-based materials, new recycling processes, integration of digital technology to optimise logistics chains, etc.);
  • New modes of organisation between the actors of one or several sectors (pooling of goods and spaces, intermediation platforms, exchanges of flows, etc.);
  • Social innovations (participative democracy, recycling centres, etc.);
  • Service innovations based on new economic models (short supply chains, functional economy, collaborative economy, etc.).

A second road map was adopted in 2018 on the basis of the 1st assessment, it adds 15 new objectives to be achieved. This new Road Map was adopted to:

  • Include Green IT in the Circular Economy approach
  • Increase the recycling and reusing of office furniture etc
  • Include new structures: Museums, Theatres, Public Events, Universities and Schools
  • Implement lifelong learning for public servants and employees
  • Develop storage places for firms etc. 

Key successes:

  • Implementation of a storage place and workshops for all public services of the city, which enable the reuse items including furniture and work clothes
  • Circular Economy criteria has been including in public contracts including a focus on eco-design and local materials
  • A new approach to the construction of city buildings based on reuse and local materials
  • Repair services in the city are promoted, including the provision of a start-up grant and ‘repair workshops’
  • Circular consumption in Paris is promoted included collection of food waste and supporting organisations with social value

Key learnings:

  • Need for a global approach, taking into account the full life and journey of materials
  • Inclusion of citizens makes it work, communicate with citizens and diversify places for repair workshops etc
  • Train public servants on Circular economy to create a virtuous cycle
  • Assist companies to understand the changes in public contacts, if this is not does it risks higher prices and no answers
  • Adopting a Circular Economy plan has the potential to:

    • Empower citizens and civil servants 
    • Revitalise districts 
    • Promote local productions
    • Support innovation within the administration, firms and associations
    • Save public money for new projects / improving public services

Project details:

Organisation: City of Paris


How long has the project been operational: The Plan was adopted in 2017, a first assessment carried out in 2017-18 and the second Road Map adopted 2018.

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